Feb 18 2021

The economic abuse of children is exploitation by an adult about an infant or a youth – women or men – under the age of 18 years, with a payout in cash or in-kind to a child or teenagers (males or women), or one or more third parties. or conjunction with other exploitation of children.

Trafficking in human beings is not the same as trading in human beings. Trafficking of human beings is consensual, while trafficking is against the will of a victim. Three forms of trafficking in human beings are common: sex trade, slave labor, and servitude. Agriculture, hotels, manufacturing, homework, sports, hospitality, and the business sex industry benefit most from human trafficking. There can be trafficking between countries or inside a country in regions. Any gender, race, or age may do this.

The ILO describes the commercial sexual abuse of minors as an appalling breach of children's human rights and as slave labor exploitation, which also includes a criminal act on the part of those who use children and teenagers in sex trafficking.

All the following involves industrial sexual abuse of children:

  • Use of girls and boys in the street, indoor, in areas such as brothel sheds, discotheques, spa rooms, pubs, hotels, restaurants, and so on for sexual acts remunerated in cash or the form of child prostitution.
  • The trade-in human trafficking in children, boys, and youth.
  • Sex tourism for girls.
  • Creation, promotion, and dissemination of child pornography.
  • Use in sex shows for girls (public or private.)

In the same sense, the Stockholm Resolution adopted by the World Congress on the Trade of Children (1996) describes children as "a form of coercion and violence (which means) forced labor and a contemporary form of slavery" and the UN Protocol to Prohibit, Abolish and Punish the Traffic in People, in particular Women and the Penalty Protocol. The 2006 Report of the independent expert for the United Nations study on violence against children also recognizes that the exploitation of children under 18 in prostitution, child pornography and similar activities constitutes violence.

Child and adolescent victims: Who are they?

  • Children, boys and young people who, in order to manipulate sex, have been trafficked domestically and across borders.
  • Girls, boys and youth who participate in street or formal prostitution.
  • Girls and boys used in sex shows and pornography.
  • Girls and boys used to satisfy pedophile sexual reward.

ILO is regarded as one of the worst types of child slavery that needs urgent and definitive federal intervention, the commercial sex abuse and trafficking of minors. It breaches the basic human rights of our society's most marginalized children, and must also galvanize them into action, an injustice that must be vigorously condemned. ILO Pacifical analysis has shown that these challenges are present in our societies and that concerted action is needed to combat them.

The "Commercial Exploitation and Children's Trafficking" is a resource intended to improve understanding of the sexual exploitation and trafficking activities in the Pacific. It clarifies the worst aspects of child labor, ILO and UN conventions coping with these problems and highlights the risk and threat factors we must protect our children from. The ILO recognizes the cooperation of ONU Women's Pacific Representatives who have assisted nutshell production and have provided a list of country contacts for assistance or additional details.

The commercial sexual exploitation and trafficking of children: A global snapshot

  • The ILO estimated that in 2002 more than 6 million children worldwide were being kept in slavery, with an estimated 5.7 million children engaged in forced and bonded labor and 300 000 in military conflict. Furthermore, nearly 1.8 million people are expected to be sexually assaulted and 1.2 million minors are trafficked.
  • In 2012, the ILO reported that 20.9 million people worldwide have been forced to work, stuck in work they have been forced into or misled and cannot escape1.
  • The number of women and girls who make up for slave labor is 11.4 million (55%) compared to 9.5 million (45%) men and boys, respectively.
  • 26% of all forced labor victims include children aged 17 years and younger (or 5.5 million children).
  • The profits from sexual forcible trafficking are estimated at approximately US$33,9 billion, the profits of which are estimated at about US$27,8 billion from involuntary sexual abuse. Nearly half of these profits have been made alone in the developed economies (USD 13.3 billion).
  • Total illicit gains produced by slave labor worldwide are valued at US$150.2 billion annually2.
  • More than one-third of income – $51.2 billion – are received on slave labor, with contractor workers employing intimidation and bribery to pay no or poor salaries making about $8 billion in domestic jobs.

Commercial sexual exploitation of children (CSEC):

In 1996, CSEC was described as adult sexual violence by the World Congress against Commercial Sexual Exploitation of Children, and the remuneration of the children and a third party in cash or nature. The infant is viewed as a sexual object and a business object. The CSC covers child trafficking, child pornography, child sex tourism, and all other transactional sex where a child undertakes sex to satisfy main conditions such as food, accommodation, or access to education. CSCS includes sexual practices. This covers aspects of transactional sex in situations in which the sexual assault of children by the abuser is not prevented or confirmed by family members. The following was found in the industrial sexual abuse of children:

  • The use of girls and boys in cash or in-kind sexual intercourse (often referred to as child prostitution) on streets or on the indoors, in areas like boulevards, night-clubs, massage rooms, pubs, hotels, restaurants, and so on.
  • The trade-in human trafficking in children, boys, and youth.
  • Sex tourism for girls.
  • Creation, promotion, and dissemination of child pornography.
  • Use in sex shows for girls (public or private).

Recent News


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Cultural gaps, fear of smugglers, and/or fear of law enforcement also deter victims from finding assistance and from hiding the crime of sex trafficking. Force, bribery, or compulsion are used by smugglers to attract and force their victims into labor or trade slavery. They are searching at individuals who are vulner...


However, there is evidence available to prove that when dealing with individuals inside a country's borders is included in the count, more individuals are trafficked by staff than by sex. The secret character of the trade-in humans prohibits a specific number of victims around the world. While labor trafficking and sex tra...