Feb 18 2021

In the US, men and women, adults, children and international people and US citizens are the victims of this violence. Victims of sex trafficking should be split up into three populations in line with US law:

  • Commercially inducing minors under the age of 18.
  • Force, deceit or coercion coerced adults (18 years or older) into commercial sex.
  • Compelled to work or facilities by compulsion, deception, or coercion, children and adults.

The victims of human smuggling were found in cities, suburbs, and remote areas in all 50 states and Washington, D.C. In lawful and legitimate business conditions and illegal markets, they are forced to work or have sexual sex against their will. There are victims of brothels and warehouses concealed behind closed doors. Other victims are plain-looking and may communicate with members of the community, but the generalized absence of trafficking empathy and awareness contributes to low levels of recognition of victims from those who witness them more frequently.

Trafficking of adults and children happens in remote, residential, or metropolitan areas around the country, without a single profile. People trafficked in human beings have multiple socio-economic roots, varying degrees of schooling, and perhaps recorded or un-presented. They find themselves powerful to impel people into slave labor or commercial sex with personalized recruiting and management techniques.

While trafficking in human beings covers any population, certain conditions or deficiencies have contributed to a greater risk of victimization and trafficking in human beings. The above points to certain risk factors for victims of sex trafficking, though not mentioning all vulnerabilities.

The runaway is vulnerable to prostitution and homeless young people. A Chicago research indicates that 56% of prostituted women were at first runaway young people and comparable figures for male groups were found. Runaways and homeless young people are not well sponsored and are vulnerable to exploitation, particularly in unfamiliar environments. Transport centers, shelters, and other shared places also approach Runaway youth. The smugglers claim they are a lover or another important person who uses pretended love and coercion to create the victim's business sex.

Immigrant people trafficked in the United States face particular obstacles that can make them more trafficked and abused. In 2013, 32% of calls to the NHTRC were made by overseas residents with elevated markers of sex trafficking. Home country recruiters also demand such significant recruiting and travel costs that victims are deeply indebted to the recruiters and traffickers. These payments fluctuate way over the expense of maintaining economic prosperity and dependence on the new contractor or trafficker. Traffickers exploit the non-portability of various work permits to exploit and monitor people, as well as the lack of experience with the environment, rules and rights, and language skills.

Persons who have endured abuse and aggression in the past are more vulnerable to potential use because trauma also causes long-lasting and complex emotional symptoms to be resolved. Traffickers knowing the gaps left by these prior abuses may target victims of domestic abuse, sexual harassment, war, and conflict or social prejudice. Violence and harassment may become commonplace or a conviction in humiliation and indignity may contribute to the susceptibility to sex trafficking in the future.

The needs of trafficked victims are among the most complex of victims of violence and frequently advocate for a multi-disciplinary response to solve extreme injuries and treatment needs, immigration and other legal challenges, safety concerns, housing, and other critical day-to-day needs, as well as financial problems. Some of the trafficking programs may require:

Emergency Services

  • Emergency management and recommendations
  • Refuge and referrals for emergencies
  • Surgical emergency treatment
  • Preparation for defense
  • Clothes and food

Social Services

  • Case Management
  • Interpretation
  • Housing
  • Job Training and Education
  • Court Accompaniment
  • Employment Assistance
  • Transportation
  • Healthcare

Legal Services

  • Immigration Status
  • Criminal Case Services
  • Civil Case Services
  • Witness Protection
  • Family Court Services
  • Legal Representation

Researcher’s Views:

It presents a first global evaluation of the scale of sex trafficking and what is done to tackle it based on data obtained from 155 countries. It provides an analysis of the dynamics of trafficking, legal actions taken in response, and country specific statistics on allegations of human, survivor, and conviction trafficking.

During the presentation of the New York report, UNODC Executive Director Antonio Maria Costa stated: "many governments are still in denial. There is even neglect when it comes to either reporting on or prosecuting cases of human trafficking" He pointed out that while the number of prosecutions for trafficking in human beings is rising, there was not a single prosecution in two out of all five countries covered by the UNODC survey.

According to the study, sexual harassment is the most prevalent method of trafficking in human beings (79%). Women and children are particularly the victims of sexual harassment. Surprisingly, the majority of smugglers are women in 30 percent of the countries that provided statistics about the gender of traffickers. Trafficking of women is a practice in many areas of the world.

The second most prevalent form of trafficking in human beings is forced labor (18%), but this could be a misrepresentation, as forced labor is observed and documented less commonly than trafficking for sexual abuse.

Almost 20% of trafficked people worldwide are minors. children. Yet children are the majority in some parts of Africa and Mekong (up to 100 percent in parts of West Africa).

Although trafficking tends to mean people travel across continents, the bulk of them are abused in the immediate vicinity. The key sources of trafficking of people are statistics revealing intra-regional and domestic trafficking.

In 2003 the United Nations Protocol on Human Trafficking - the first diplomatic negotiation in this region - came into effect. The study reveals that the number of Member States that adopt the Protocol seriously has more than doubled in recent years (from 54 to 125 out of the 155 States covered). However, many countries also lack the requisite legal or political instruments.

"This Report increases our understanding of modern slave markets, yet it also exposes our ignorance," Costa said. We fear that the situation is worsening but we cannot prove it for lack of evidence and that many policymakers are hindering it, he acknowledged. "We have a big picture, but it is impressionistic and lacks depth. We fear the problem is getting worse, but we cannot prove it for lack of data, and many governments are obstructing" The UN ODC head thus called for the enhancements in knowledge collecting and exchange on sex trafficking by governments and social scientists. "We're going to fight the dilemma blindly if we don't solve this awareness crisis,' he warned.

Mr. Costa called on governments, the private sector, and the general public to improve the battle against trafficking in people during his panel discussion on "Exposing Denial and Benign Neglect" "More must be done to reduce the vulnerability of victims, increase the risks to traffickers, and lower demand for the goods and services of modern-day slaves"

Mr. Costa has appointed Mira Sorvino, the winning academy star, as the Goodwill Ambassador to Tackle Trafficking in Persons to raise the global perception of trafficking in human beings and mobilize worldwide to fight it. The Executive Director of UNODC said, "We know that Mira's commitment to the plight of trafficking victims will move people to take action against modern-day slavery".

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